Reduce cost and improve by open sources softwares

Turkish idiom said that, two hands better than a hand. Commons knowledge is the best practice for it. Wide places are ensured for Wikipedia and similar practice by commons knowledge.
What is commons knowledge? If you write on tool of Wikipedia, what is common knowledge, you find this reply: “Common knowledge is knowledge that is known by everyone or nearly everyone, usually with reference to the community in which the term is used. Common knowledge need not concern one specific subject, e.g., science or history. Rather, common knowledge can be about a broad range of subjects, including science, literature, history, entertainment etc. Often, common knowledge does not need to be cited. Common knowledge is distinct from general knowledge. The latter has been defined by differential psychologists as referring to ‘culturally valued knowledge communicated by a range of non-specialist media’, and is considered an aspect of ability related to intelligence. Therefore there are substantial individual differences in general knowledge as opposed to common knowledge”.
But on the other hand, commons knowledge has to utilize another side which called software and open sources. Software and open sources are producing plenty of practices, which most knows is Linux, for commons knowledge. Together to produce is developer movement.
For instance, Samsung uses this way. Samsung works with wide numerous of scholars at many countries and universities. In this way, the project that produces in somewhere can develop by another scholar. These ways of work reduces costs and improve the project for Samsung. Hence, in recent years, Samsung has carried out a major attack against its rivals.

Collaborative projects


Collaborative projects or joint projects, are allowing the creation of content , joint and at the same time, by many end users.

In the framework of joint projects, there are websites that allow users to add, remove and change text-based content – and social bookmarking applications – that enable the collection and assessment of group internet links or contents. The primary applications in this category include online encyclopedia Wikipedia and the social bookmarking web service Delicious, which lets you add and sharing web bookmarks. Wiki is currently available in over 230 different languages.

The main idea of collaborative projects is that a joint effort of many actors leads to a better outcome, than any actor could achieve individually. From a corporate perspective, companies need to be aware that the collaborative projects are modern and the main source of information for many consumers. For example, an online book retailer Amazon started to test the idea of dynamic pricing.

Collaborative projects also bringing some unique opportunities for companies. Finnish handset maker Nokia, for example, uses internal wikis to update opinions of employees about the status of the project and the idea of a trade. Likewise, the American computer software company Adobe Systems maintains a list of firms eg similar related websites.


Examples of geoscience wikis

Geology wikia- Geoscience’s version of Wikipedia. Lend your expertise to this resource by contributing content or editing articles.

The College of Wooster Geology Wiki is private, but the home screen is shown in the image to the right. The wiki is generally organized by project. In the expanded Iceland Project, there are pages that contain travel information, writing spaces for research students, an annotated bibliography, data files and photos, and files related to specific subprojects. There is also a methods page so that all researchers have access to standard operating procedures and a group calendar so that students and faculty can keep track of deadlines and progress.

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Examples of social bookmarking sites


Delicious – a well-established and widely used social bookmarking site.

Diigo – a social bookmarking site with additional annotation capabilities and special educator accounts.

Xmarks – a program that allows users to sync bookmarks across different computers and share bookmarks with others.

Scrible – an NSF-funded web annotation service that allows users to make notes on web pages and share annotations. Here are the most popular socal bookmarking sites

Brainify – a social bookmarking site for the academic community.

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At the firs place of the most popular social bookmarking websites is Twitter. Here are the most popular socal bookmarking sites