Online revolution via Twitter

6 years before, Thomas J. Watson Research Center Manager of the Management for Business Integrity Dr. Yurdaer Doğanata was guest for give a lecture to Izmir University. In his lecture, Dr. Doğanata said that: “There was a big earthquake in China five years before. China Geology Center did not explain anything in 3 months. Because, they wanted to be certain about earthquake degree. But, billions of Chinese, who were member of Twitter in US, became organized in half an hour. They started to collect donation in some bank accounts after the earthquake. Because, great number of Chinese tweets when the earthquake was continuing”. (Izmir University, http://www.izmir.edu.tr/tr/genel-haberler/3676-Depremi-en-hizli-twitter-haber-veriyor.html, 2013. Access date: 25 May 2014)
Second example is from Turkey. There was a big fire of mine in Soma in Turkey. 301 employees died in incident. More than 4 million tweets about the incident were taken in a week. Yaşar University Faculty of Communication Asst. Prof. Dr. Özlem Aşman Alikılıç gave an interview about it. She said that using of social media is increasing after the social events. People are following the social events via traditional media and social media. Moreover, participatory journalism is increasing very fast. Everyone produce their own data about social events. Because of this, people preferred the space on social media for mourn about Soma”. (Yaşar University, http://haber.yasar.edu.tr/2014/05/21/somanin-yasini-sosyal-medyada-da-yasadik/, 2014. Access date: 25 May 2014)
Battle fields were important in the past. Arenas were important for the democracy. Nonetheless, populations of countries are not allowed the gather. Habits are changing. Wars are became digital in 21th century (Ali Alışır, Star Newspaper, http://haber.stargazete.com/ege/ali-alisir-3b-21-yyda-cephe-savaslarinin-yerini-sanal-savaslar-aldi/haber-757474, 2013. Access date: 25 May 2014). In recent days, social media is important for shown the resistance. Plenty of people became organized on the Twitter for the Gezi resistance and Arab Spring. According to Alikılıç, these conditions are taken into consideration by governments. Therefore, people prefer the gather on the social media.

“Each of us is journalists!”

I took and published that on my instagram, twitter, and facebook account this photo by my smart phone when protest of Berkin Elvan funeral1. I was a citizen journalist who is the taking photo and producing information. There were many of them like me.

Internet, social media, blogs and etc. have been changing ours participatory habits. We are not only audience. Even we have become information producer. Now, especially young people are following agenda by the social media. Because, social media tools are faster than traditional media. And everyone can be citizen journalist on it. Social media tools have become more popular and nowadays further people wants to share their experiences about life. Therefore, numbers of blogs writer are increasing each passing day.

Conspicuously, columnists are preferring to write on their own blogs too. In my opinion, columnists who write mainstream media newspapers do not inexpression all their own thought. Blogs are very independent space for them. For instance, Tufan Türenç who is columnist on the Hürriyet or Ruşen Çakır who is columnist on Vatan have own blogs2. They share all new articles by social media channels. By this way, they have always been in relationship with citizen journalist and their audiences.

One of the most important news magazine which name is Newsweek was closed on 20123. Because, magazine could not struggle with digital publishing. The circulation of printed media is decreasing each passing day. Nonetheless digital media followers are increasing. In the future, digital media will replace printed media and citizen journalists will be effective more than today.

References

1 http://web.stagram.com/n/oyaaltar, www.facebook.com/oyaaltaryavuz, www.twitter.com/oyaaltar

2 www.tufanturenc.com, www.rusencakir.com

3 http://www.bbc.com/news/business-19989346, Access Date, 11th May 2014

New arena for discussing in 21 century: Internet

World popularities are approximately over 7 billion. If we look at the internet usage around the world: approximately over 3 million people are internet users who 70% are using the internet every day. The number of internet users has grown by over 566% since 2000. Internet users use internet for research, banking, shopping, meeting people, information about health, making travel reservations and looking for jobs. Social networking users spend an average of 3,2 hours each day. Worlds the biggest social networking site is Facebook which has over 1 billion members. Youtube is ranking second and Twitter is ranking third (More Than 2 Billion People Use the Internet, Here’s What They’re Up To, May 9, 2013, The Cultireist, http://www.thecultureist.com/2013/05/09/how-many-people-use-the-internet-more-than-2-billion-infographic/, visit date April 26, 2014). In this case, Facebook can be called worlds third crowded country. (Doganata, Yurdaer, Izmir University, 2013) According to wordpress.com data, over 409 million people view more than 14.7 billion blog pages each month. Blog users produce about 44,5 million new posts and 56,7 million new comments each month.
Datas are shown that all people can not come together but all people who use internet can discuss, share or react something on the internet. Hence, internet is the important platform for the alternative media. It can be called “New arena for discussing in 21 century”.
Information pollution, illegality, problem of law can be seen on it. But it is the free platform for sharing experimenting, expressing thoughts and discussing. Therefore, some countries, like Turkey, occasionally totally or part of internet is being banned for their citizens. But according to Yurdaer Doganata who is Research Staff Member, IBM Research that it is not possible to completely ban the unmanaged Internet access from a single source.
Internet is hard to get in under control. The great masses can be mobilized by internet. Occupy demonstrations, Gezi and Ukraine sample are shown that internet will be more remarkable than today in the future. Internet will consider by decision making bodies of governments in the future.

What the Online Revolution means todays life

ONLINE REVOLUTION

Today, if we talk about Online Revolution, undoubtedly it appears with the Internet because Internet which provides people an environment, a space to gather around for any reason. Actually, Internet which is new connection way ,rather than telephone, fax etc,between people wherever they live. As they come together onto Internet with each other, they become powerful because the powerful not only measure number of people, but also their ideas, their rebellions, their resistance increase because they combine, organize in an effectively way.

And I want to give way some examples in terms of online revolution in different countries.

Author who gives example Yemen movement. This movement which is conducted by many young people in Yemen through social media. Why this movements give momentum because of Facebook group users sprang up spontenously. One of the popular one group called ‘ Yemeni Anger Revolution’. Number of its members are 20.000. On the other hand, Yemenis who use twitter and they started to organize protests with people who are from different countries. On the other hand, authors give way to other countries to create revolution through social media. In Bahrain, many onlive activists who open hashtag , they upload videos, pictures. They create blog which is called Global Voices . Also, one of the activists who share her bad experience toward police and share video to show how police behave to her.

In Algeria, authorities who stop and delete, limite some Facebook accounts and because of this reason protesters who come together towards attitude of state authorities.

In Morocco, protesters who create ‘Movement of Freedom and Democracy’ and their members are 89.000. Their aim to make peaceful protest. The protesters underline that ‘Violent protest is usually not fruitful, especially when you have a peaceful and modern medium you can express yourself and your problems.’

In Iraq, protesters come together for resisting poverty and corruption onto their Facebook group which is called ‘Iraqi Streets for Change’. Young people in Iraqi who express their opinions through social communication and they make connection  Tunisia and Egypt because their movements effect onto Iraqi young

In Syria, there was a big problem because authories not only prevent blogs but also create fear onto bloggers because they jail one of the blogger who is 19 years old. Her blog content relates with the suffering from Palestinians. After then, young people who are in Syria create Facebook group which is called ‘The Syrian Revolution 2011’ and the follower number is 24.000.

In Saudi Arabia, activists who encounter pressure of authorities because they react same thing like other countries, they block Facebook and blogs and control over people who are especially activists. In order to react authorities activist who hold a place ‘Saudi Revolution 20 March’. They contact with Tunisia and Egypt and they provide mobilisation between youth to take an action. They protested on the street in dates of 6 th, 11 th, and 20 th March.So these show that how online revolution start to effect with participating people and reaction of them to authorities. (I take information from this link:  http://www.channel4.com/news/arab-revolt-social-media-and-the-peoples-revolution )

http://egyptucb.weebly.com/:  In this link, author who penetrates and give detail information about Egyptian Revolution. This is called ‘Facebook, Twitter or Social Media Revolution’ The Egyptian people who hold a place in social media, especiall last 5 years, but in the period January and February 2011, the usage percentage of Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, blogging websites increased and mainstream media hold a place at the backpart of this and the participation number of social media start with small number and then it increased day by day and the effectiveness of this revolution is affected by Tunisia revolution in terms of economic social factors.

so these examples show that how revolution through online become pwoerful day by day towards state and this shows that how resistance of people spread one country to another.

In conclusion, online revolution provides firstly with Internet and people who have Internet access come together to resist towards powerfuls, problems in terms of economy, social justice. They provide connection, and this connection happens under common goals because they want to react something and they receive support of one another under creating groups onto Internet especially social media. If I compare revolution in mainstream to online, there is many differences, because as people want to share protests or activists opinions, they easily connect to the Internet and share with other people whose place doesn’t important. Also, in mainstream media, as media patronage accept or not, they encounter  pressure of authorities , they don’t imply freedom of speech, they set agendas in mainstream media and manipulate people according to specific ideologies but in online, everyone has right to organize other people and say everything about any issue  so online revalutions which cause antagonism environment toward powerful, authorities but it is a positive frame to see democractic scene.

 

 

REFERENCES:

1-http://www.channel4.com/news/arab-revolt-social-media-and-the-peoples-revolution

2-http://egyptucb.weebly.com/

Social networks, tools for revolution

Social networks, tools for revolution

Connecting people on the Internet are increasingly used in social and political purposes. Social networks have proven to be suitable for organizing protests. The sudden popularity of social networks are not only changed the way in which we communicate, but has changed the way of spreading the news. Social networks have become new medium through which to disseminate information, gather supporters, and start a revolution. It’s getting easier to spread ideals, to encourage people to change, but also to spread negative propaganda.

Social networks are becoming increasingly easier enabler of social responsibility and irresponsibility. Social networks can be used to promote awareness of those around us, highlighting the problems of society and as a means of solving these problems, but also can be used to spread negativity and crime.

The 2009 and 2010 year, during a protest against the rigging of the presidential elections in Iran, social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter) and other online media are used as sometimes the only available channels to inform the outside world about the events in Iran. World also has Moldova’s twitter revolution in 2009. After that, we have big role of social media in Arab spring revolution. Thanks to the twitter, facebook, and youtube several dictatorial regime are destroyed.

Social networks should be viewed primarily as a new and truly excellent tool of social mobilization and activism, not as inherently capable to contribute to the necessary and desired positive social change. So, the internet and online tools (social networking sites, forums, wikis, etc.). Proved to be invaluable as a tool and a means of communication and organization of social movements, protests and activism in general.

Here https://informationactivism.org/en/original_10_tactics_project  you can find 10 tactics of info-activism, with tools and tips for you to plan your own campaign.

I also suggest you this https://www.tacticaltech.org/

Social networks like Twitter and Facebook are means of which information can be sent faster and more efficiently than with “traditional” journalism. If you use them in the best possible way, you can make fast revolution, real revolution, and most important it can be success, and you can make ‘spring’  in your country.  TV station Al Jazeera has filmed education campaign about using social networks. Here you can find more about that http://www.youtube.com/user/AJUnplugged101?feature=watch

 

 

References:

https://informationactivism.org/en/original_10_tactics_project

https://www.tacticaltech.org/

http://www.youtube.com/user/AJUnplugged101?feature=watch

Technology Fosters Citizen Journalism

As mainstream media get more and more controlled by states, governments or owners of them, the need for alternative media channels rises up. Some media owners can manipulate information just to preserve their economical interests or relationships with political parties. Luckily, people have some courageous individuals who aim to disseminate events and news in an objective way.

Citizen journalism is getting more common in time. To define shortly what  citizen journalism is, Rogers indicates that, “put very simply, citizen journalism is when private individuals do essentially what professional reporters do – report information.” In this aspect, we cannot neglect the importance of technology. The reason for this, since citizen journalists does not perform this information reporting job in a proffesional way, they need some tools to disseminate their findings. At this point, they are able to use some video, photo or text-based sharing websites to let others know what is happening. Also. integration of cameras with phones permit these amateur journalists to perform journalism. Thus, they do not need to have a TV channel, newspaper or expensive camera stuff.

With the emergence of smartphones, there are many applications became available for anyone who uses that gadgets. One of these applications, called Guardian Witness, which was released recently, made possible to share almost any information with other users.

Link for Guardian Witness:

https://witness.guardian.co.uk/

However, people can use Instagram, Twitter or Facebook accounts to share information with their followers. If we consider that today almost everyone is connected to the internet consistently, loading and uploading information is easier than ever.

Here is a video about citizen journalism;

 

 

 

 

Refernce(s)

http://journalism.about.com/od/citizenjournalism/a/whatiscitizen.htm

http://www.tknlj.com/vatandas-gazeteciligin-geldigi-son-nokta/