Punk Music as an Underground Press

The birth of underground press lead in mid 15th century onwards. The role of underground press has been power although people hasn’t had enough power and conditions. The underground media, in that centuries, consisted in Reformation Movements ( 1520 ), American Revolution( 1765-83 ) and French Revolution (1789 ). Each counterculture movement was the organ that constructed resistance network. These become a voice of independence, freedom and liberty.
In 1960s and 1970s, the term “underground media” is used to refer to illegal publications under oppresive regimes, such as, “samizdat” in Soviet Union and “bibula” in Poland. The underground press were the independently published and distributed underground papers associated with the countercultere in United State, United Kingdom and other western nations. Public tend to set up their life in peace and freedom excluded war, oppression and expoiltation. Therefore the role movements were indispensably existed, for instance, civil rights, black power, feminist movement, opposition movement to the war in Vietnam.
People reflect their reaction via pamphlets, fanzines, comics, flyers, posters and so on. The significant movements, in 1970s, is punk subculture which centres of punk rock music , comprises a diverse array of ideologies, fashions and forms of expressions including visual art, dance, literature and film. They had punk music magazines published in photocopied formats. It had been spread rapidly. The subculture is largely characterized by anti-establishment views and the promotion of individual freedom. The punks are against to capitalism ideologies. They tend to assume that people work in order to enjoy life through culture and entertainment. Punks have inherent self-reliance and “do it yourself” attitude. They have a chord to write their own band in hopes that they would play in the young person’s town.
In conclusion, punk dress heavy chains, bracelets, bullet helmets (as an oppositation indicator of anti-military and police ) that the symbol of slavery. They also have different hair style as Mohawk. Along punks have tatoo and piercings as a meaningful of political. Additionally they buy their clothes in second-hand stores to emphasize the opposition of consumption.