Propaganda in the view of Public Attention

A Collection of Posters Explaining Laswell’s Approach to Mass Communication Research

Influenced by contemporary events of the age, Laswell’s (1902-1978) works were mainly based on instruments, especially propaganda, for governmental management of opinion by the public. Either used for good or evil purposes, Laswell was of the opinion that propaganda is a way to show collectivity, a kind of democracy yielding to certain actions. At below, you shall find a pile of posters published by the Allied Forces during the Second World War, all having impulses for the public so as to take an action especially in the daily life and attain their support against the Enemies:


The Chicago School

In the early first decade of 20th century in the United Stated, the concept of the communication went hand in hand with social studies which base was quantitative and analytical methods. The Chicago School played a very important role to develop social theories with empirical foundation. They focused on the city as social laboratory.

During those years, the significant trend was the migration of the people to the United Stated from different parts of the World as well as the movement of people from rural to big cities.
It was the time of great growth and significant changes with new opportunities however this mobilities caused social problems, like racism, homicide, suicide, poverty, which were created by the dynamics of the masses. Different people from different cultures and languages were forced to communicate with each other by the social environment.

The Chicago School developed a set of standard assumptions to solve the social problems. The main assumptions of the school were the quantitative methodologies, which were the only method to study on urban social phenomena. This approach was adopted from natural sciences, especially ecological science which is studied on the species behaviors in their environment. The city conditions and using qualitative methods and data brought great richness to the depth of the work. However, the subject was human and his changing nature and applicability of the quantitative data to real life became one of the School’s liability.


Flows is an initiative by graduate students of the Faculty of Communication of Izmir University of Economics to create a cyber yard to meet, exchange, create and play.

We would like to welcome you to our project, invite you to join our activities, and make you feel part of the team; you can find more about us and our interests in IUE Flows.

Besides, hot dialogues are hosted in Polemics; reports and essays are published in our Zine; audiovisual material of presentations and seminars is uploaded in our Gallery; links of our interests can be found in the Library; news and events are announced in the Follow up.

We are expecting your comments and your contributions in the Reservoir flows.

Enjoy the journey,

the editorial team