radical media;jammıng the polıtıcal:reverse engıneerıng,hackıng domınant codes

Radıcal media could be thought as something complementary-modifier thing instead of it is trying to destruct mainstream tendencies or replace them completely.It is an important step on the way of democracy. glitter of intelligence because it does include creativity, sensitive adjusments-modifies on thin string even sometimes without  budget or in the situation of contingency which is based on any rapid political, social, educational, financial events in country -city-region-local arena or in globe.Dances, Street theatre, Street performances,cartoons,posters,parodies,satire,performance arts,graffitis,murals,popular songs and many more can be used for radical media-alternative media,jammıng the wrong political approaches,reverse engineering and most importantly hacking the dominant codes in society which are thought-perceived as harmful .These alternative struggles are not just aiming political distortion in country but also for distortions-corruptions by the mean of values, habits, social tendencies, some social behaviours, intolarance in public for some minorities,sternness who are applied to different view holders.Radical media wants to be voice also for all these aside from political wars.Radical media already encourages participation, readers become writers, consumers become producers, watchers sometimes become part of work and it is againts to hierarchical order in media and instead they advocate horizontal structure so thats why it is much more close to mentality of democracy.On the other hand  ın contrast right wing of political mind which is skipping sometimes to standpatter-preservative interventions , radical media struggles mostly remembered with left views by the mean of being socialist, being communist instead of capitalist, being proggressive instead of being standpatter and so on.We may use the term of ‘counterhegomony’ in here.Fight-struggle-race for hegomony.Hegomony of particular class, ethnicity,social group, gender, political ideology and existence.Radical media sometimes try to generate counter hegomony or create a balance in society by preparing suitable-fair ground to lay the matters on table .Furthermore of course the things have got also technological aspects like computers, social web sites, blogs, all internet features are waiting for being used in creative hands.This is not just about new media versus traditional media but also creativity versus stagnation maybe.Without serious big productions-incomes, extreme number of worker , radical media or alternative voice of Street is proof of always there are somethings to do.When we come to the title about reverse engineering , we can say community media, new media, radical media or graffıtı-street performance based things all have same target which is building reverse engineering .Reverse engineering term is already connected with counter hegomony term in society and political stuffs.İt is about having contrary consciousness .Radical media is much more interested with reality which mainstream media do not always reflect enough according to them. Jammıng the some political things is also connected with democracy if they have wrong- provocative, defected,corrupted, inadequate, incomplete messages tp society or particular minority-community.Hacking the dominant codes means being against to blindly dominant culture, hegomony, values, views in society by creating much more awareness with events-alternative ways aside from mainstream media channels.


community radio versus commercial one( week 5 alternative radio)

Since alternative media understanding in progress alternative/community radio broadcasting has always been thought as important part of it in addition to alternative press.Of cource as finance, format structure,governance, process or settlement part are different from mainstream-proffesional radio broadcasting.Naturally there are also differences among United States community radio broadcasting and the ones in Europe or in Latin America but in roots their aims more or less same.Reaching particular communities, minorities, repressed groups, create voice about feminism, different sexual tendencies, reaching particular racial-ethnic groups or distribute different tastes of political beliefs, musical stuffs or world views-news are can be considered as their common targets no matter where that community radio broadcasting takes a place in world.But to summarize main difference among Us and Euraope in basic we can say by looking at the article of David Dunaway : ‘ North American stations founded on a philosophy of open access,amateurism, and direct service are today retooling themselves to sere larger audiences by beefing up their marketing skills and staff.In Europe , community stations seem to be exploring the North American community radio model at the moment when many US stations are forced to abondon it for more commercial formats.’This is just like role replacement among them.Moreover  slipping to commercial formats is very dangerous for basic structure of community radio because it is against to it’s soul and mentality.Community radio is seeking primarily to put front what is stayed behind as values, beliefs, habity, lifestyles, views and more instead of putting to first floor the things like profits, high elevel incomes or big advertising jobs.Furthermore it is not just about geographical differences but also time differences because there are serious diversities among 1970’s-1980’s and 90’s.Lets compare 1974 and 1999.In  1974 as governance we see anarchosyndicalism but in 1999 there is hierarchy as proffesionals are supervising proffesionals.In 70’s while it is largely local, in 90’s largely national-international.As a format we had seen eclectic, patchwork, folk, freeform,radical free speech, we saw in 90’s consistent, streamed programs ,liberal-unexcepttionable structure.In 1974 we encounter with as funding ;local , grassroots donations, help of local institutions but in 90’s national help,local underwriting declining federal/state funds.While we see identity as local, responsive freewheeling, amateur station loyalty access in 70’s, ın 1999 we see regional structure,marketable, proffesionalist program loyalty and production values.Taxes, having licence agreements, state’s donation-fund cuts or income cuts are parts of community-alternative radio broadcasting and moreover if we consider this radio understanding is closer to left side more  and then we see right political side and conservative groups can be enemy for community-alternative radio broadcasting since they try to labelling them as marginal-extreme ,harmful producers for society.Community radio is perceiving it’s audience mass as also producer, opinion source, sometimes volunteer workers, fund-donation providers their board subscribers and many more. This is the proof of also their non-hierarchical but horizontal structure or producements and progress too.Maybe 1970’s can be called as era of experiment and test, 80’s are more radical times and with 1990’s we see more chancing structure and understanding as they are skipping to being  more proffesional settlement and commercial understanding to survive.

Pirates of the Radio!

The sixties and seventies of the twentieth century in Europe has witnessed a tremendous eruptions calling for change, such as in France when the student movement unified with the working class asking for social change although it was later silenced, Britain on the other hand had similar experience where there was a time where calls for cultural change was high in demand, never the less, there was a caliber of people who went on to challenge the authorities and the state, they wanted to reach their voice and ideas or even music to the world, and their means were Pirate Radios.

Pirate Radios were a form of alternative media in which they were unlicensed and some of them operated from ships in the sea at that period of time, especially in England, among the famous of these were the Swinging Radio England (SRE) and the Irish pirate radio stations.

Swinging Radio England (SRE) was an American Top 40 station founded by Don Pierson who was an American car dealer and a former Texas mayor, the idea was to air American music in the UK. The station operated from May to November 1966 from a World War II vessel built in the USA as a supply ship. One thing that distinguished (SRE) is that it did not exclude advertising as a source of funding. The station aired music that was not heard before in England. Some of the ironies and problems that faced the station when it was finally aired that its frequency clashed with an Italian state owned radio station and was too close to the BBC network in Scotland. Although this was sorted out, but still the station had a problem in getting advertising revenue to fund itself in which eventually it had to close down.

Looking from a political point of view, there was ‘Radio Free Derry’ which was a pirate radio station that operated in Dublin, Ireland by the Irish republican movement with an aim to spread propaganda. This station was looked at closely by the authorities in Ireland, another Irish pirate radio was ‘Radio Milinda’ although it was a music radio station nevertheless it was one of the first raided and prosecuted pirate radio stations by authorities in 1972, finally, there was ‘Radio Pirate Woman’ that aired in 1990 which it broadcast information on abortion services and discussed other issues that affected women.

These pirate radios represented the people who were averse to authorities in their countries and whom went to extreme measures to get themselves heard. Whether they were political like the Irish Pirate Radios or just trying to air music, they both came with new concepts and ideologies and both were challenging authorities.

Beyond feminism in the women community radios

In 2014 the Bristol based community radio Ujima Radio aired a show ´Women on the Waves´ as a look back on women in broadcasting from Bristol´s FEM FM  until the present time. FEM FM was one of the first solely female radio station in Britain, as said by Kate Coyer started to broadcast in 1992, in time when women were under-represented in both mainstream and community stations- only 22% of full-time paid staff in community radio across Europe were women (Coyer, 2007:22). The question if in 2015 women as broadcasters are under-represented is still open. But the activities of UK´s Soundwomen networking platform or the FEM FM Future projects like the Ujima Radio collaboration in order to raise a future generation of female broadcasters, only shows that even thought women positions in the broadcasting may have raised, the encouraging of women to enter the broadcasting and supporting them has its strong base  also 20 years later.

The problem of female under-representing on air is but not just a matter of equaling the balance between men and female presenters, but increasing the voice of females in general. When talking about the differences of commercial radio and community radio this is the domain of the community radios who localize and specialize on and support a certain community like women. As presented in the article about the Montreal conference of Community-Oriented Radio Broadcasters from Peter M. Lewis, community radios are a reaction toward established models either of the state broadcasting system or the commercial one. Furthermore in comparison with commercial radio, that tend to neglect important ´minority´ voices, for community radios needs are crucial.

One of unique examples of a community radio is Astute Radio. In their broadcasting they give space to women and girls from minority communities to challenge gender and other stereotypes. When I look on the broad issues that this radio deals with it leaves me, only but thinking that a female community radio station is not just about feminism, but about giving space to stories of women that any other women can relate to. From abolishing the myths of a female scientist, overcoming a burnout syndrom to overcoming the loss of job. The interviews of women, various women from different backgrounds with diverse stories are inspiring, encouraging and hardly being find in this form in any other commercialy driven radio station. Astute Radio would perfectly fit into the framework of Maria Eugenia Chávez´s views about a community radio.

Community radios are rich with stories of women. All of these tales could fill hours and hours of broadcasts and women’s voices would be the conduit for bringing these talking stories to life. Thus, it would be a radio broadcast story about women and radio.(Chávez, Unesco: Gender and newsroom cultures)

One of such stories of a women and a community based radio is also the launching of Nisaa Gaza, Palestinian  female radio. Islam Barbar, a 26-year old women thanks to a grant from UK, Palestinian NGO that gave her the technic and with volunteers made her dream about a community radio that would deal with women rights true. But at the same time the presence of men and women in her radio station is also about a message that gender issues are not the exclusivity of women. (Kutab, Huffington post blog). The empowerment of women like Islam Barbar and other women though a community radio is one of the scopes of the World Association of Community Broadcasters that is supporting the ideas of women-led iniciatives around the world.


About Astute Radio http://www.astute-radio.com/about/

Coyer, K., Dowmunt, T. and Fountain, A. (2007) The Alternative Media Handbook. London: Routledge

Kuttab, D. (2014) ´Palestinian trying to rebuild progressive women radio´, in Huggington Post blog. http://www.amarc.org/?q=node/1963

Lewis, P. (1984) ´Community Radio: The Montreal Conference and after´, in Media, Culture &  Society, vol. 6, pp. 137-150.

Maria Eugenia Chávez. ´Scheherezades: a thousand an one stories of women in community radio´, in UNESCO: Gender and Newsroom cultures http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/publications/gamag_research_agenda_chavez.pdf

The Bristol Post (2014) ´Women on the Waves: Ujima Radio and Fem FM present the next generation of radio talent´, in The Bristol Post


Who would’ve thought the Best combination is when a Capitalist Marries a Socialist!

Publications have been struggling to continue printing its issues ever since the word Publishing started, although the ones which we can call mainstream or commercial publishing still get to survive and more over thrive in their readership markets, but what about those less popular ones, those which follow a political party, ideology or a cause, those which are often called Alternative publications, How can they survive in this behemoth market where skill and resources are crucial?

Well, most probably for the larger portion of these publications they don’t survive. How this can be fixed? There are two approaches has been widely argued the Comedia approach which gives great emphasis on utilizing the capitalistic methods in management, finance and advertising. I would have liked to argue that it is imperative and rather would be unrealistic to disregard such methods, after all you have to know where are you sailing; a magazine needs to know who is its target audience, what’s their preferences, do they want a magazine that covers many topics or one with a focal focus, it’s also important to know numbers in terms of cost, budget and revenue. But after all this said an example that can dispute the success of a fully capitalist approach rise in the form of Red Pepper magazine which according to Gholam Kiabany in his paper “Red Pepper: a new model for the alternative”1 a Leninist theory of socialist press proved to work.

I find Red Pepper is an interesting case study for how a publication stemming from the British leftist politics survived. Though it was not easy, it went through stages of failures and many versions and adopting and shifting in its strategy till it reached its final shape. I believe its survival is due to a marriage between adopting capitalistic methods for managing things and a socialist view by not aiming for financial rewards and resilience from its founders and mainly its editor Hilary Wainwright who witnessed two flopping versions of the magazine but still she did not lose hope in making it work and also not to forget the other workers and writers who volunteered in running and writing articles for the magazine. Today you can find Red Pepper still exists and its online (www.redpepper.org.uk), and this is a proof that it managed to survive.

After what’s said, an important factor is being introduced today, which is the Internet, online publishing can cut costs and allows reaching a wider audience within shorter time frame, although one must not neglect to utilize online strategies where there are specialized experts who are hired just to do that.

After all, this marriage between a capitalistic methods and socialist perspective proved to work, so maybe it can work out in real life between nations as well to bring more balance to the world.


“Red Pepper: a new model for the alternative press?”: https://mcs.sagepub.com/content/22/4/447

The voices from undeground. Samizdats in the former Czechoslovakia

During the communism period in Czechoslovakia the press faced in many ways censorship and was as in other countries of the former Soviet Union part of a whole system of controlling the communication. As stated by Downing: “The leading reason for the significance of the radical media in this case is that Soviety system particularly relied on its channeling and strict control of communication and media, its use of them as a transmission belt for the party´s view of reality” (Downing, 2000:355). Some of the civil activists however decided to produce an “underground press” instead, called samizdat to circumvent the censorship. Samizdat is a word that comes from Russian language and refers to underground publications either written by hand or typewriter distributed from hand to hand and produced only in limited prints. Mostly the activity of samizdat press was done by civil society, those who produced this kind of press were called dissidents, people who oposed the current regime, expressed their ideas about the regime and were often for their activities punished or imprisoned. Samizdat was common in the region of the former Soviet Union countries under the communism regime.

In the former Czechoslovakia samizdat publications started at the beginning of the 1960´s. The raise of this kind of press started after the suppresion of the Prague Spring in the 1968 and invasion of the Soviet Russian troops to Czechoslovakia. After the suppresion of the liberation, Czechoslovakia was put under the “normalization” process which meant a heavy censorship of the freedom of the press. The Office for printing and information was establish to ensure that information that are in contradiction with the intern and international politics of the state will not be published.

In Slovakia famous “underground press” consisted of Christian religious samizdat publications that tried to express their belief under the communism regime which penalized and followed the church, 1982 is the beginning of the samizdat magazine Náboženstvo a súčasnosť (Religion and present) and other 26 publications of samizdat press, 23 from this were Christian oriented. The prints of one of the samizdat religious publications were around 200 to 2000 pieces, publications were mostly printed in one of the biggest ofset print machines in the capital, Bratislava. In 1987 the religious samizdat reached its peak in Slovakia with the publications 31 požiadaviek moravských katolíkov (31 requirements of Moravian Christians) that wanted to ensure the freedom of religious expression in the former Czechoslovakia.

In Czech republic “underground press” was formed around universities and faculties and produced by students. Most of them differed from the official press in the way they experimented with the content, discussed taboo topics, open debates, critics and published also texts of forbiden authors of that time. One of the “real” samizdats that started at the university but later on went beyond was samizdat Revue 88. It was produced and distributed by students of  the university in Brno, who wrote under their real names and even wrote the adress where their lived, which was unique and courageous. Many of the students were threatened to be kicked out of the universities or imprisoned.

The reason of the rise of the samizdat publications in the former Czechoslovakia was the political situation during the 1970-1980´s under the “normalization” and the refusal of the official ideology of the socialism that was serving the rulling elite and its official culture that was supportive of the regime. The unofficial culture in the form of literature and press deleloped at one hand to samizdat, authors that were producing illegaly, underground from the state and on the other hand exile authors, raising their voices outside of the state. The representatives were often isolated, they and their families and friends intimidated, authors of such pres were forbiden to travel or sometimes even work, they were criminalized and in the public eye presented as enemies of the western agents or deviants. Most of the time they were also under the constant police control. Even thought of all this repressive methods against the “underground press”, samizdat literature and press enabled to enact at that time debates and topics that were completely absent in the public or forbiden. They were the critical minority who stood up against the wrongs of the regime and pointed a finger on the rulling elites.



Čarnoburský J. (2005). Odpor proti komunizmu. Impulz Revue http://www.impulzrevue.sk/article.php?26

Downing, J. (2000) Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social Movements. CA: Sage

Posset, J. Česká samizdatová periodika 1968-1989. Brno http://www.scriptum.cz/Posset_Johanna_Ceska_samizdatova_periodika_1968-1989.pdf

Soukopová J. (2010). Zázrak jménem Revue 88 aneb Když samizdat delali studenti. iDnes.cz http://brno.idnes.cz/zazrak-jmenem-revue-88-aneb-kdyz-samizdat-delali-studenti-pk9-/brno-zpravy.aspx?c=A100324_1356492_brno-zpravy_dmk


alternative solutions (week 4-alternative press)

Alternative media may include cinema ,tv movies, advertising campaigns or radio broadcasting channels but when the matter is to encounter with surviving problems , alternative press has as much trouble as others above.Magazine or newspaper , from finding publisher to finding trustable distribution channels , from gaining volunteer talented guys to work with and make them loyal and faithful, from facing with financial-economical problems since denying advertising support as looking for gifts, donations,grants to be able to handle political issues by staying out of mainstream media circle.Being socialist, being communist or being left  focused are some frequent features of alternative press too because it is also kinda against to narcotizing politics of main stream media-press by giving particular things in always in particular shape by ignoring some facts.Anti racism, feminism, gay supoorts, sexual tendencies, minority rights, immigrant problems, lower class situations, minority’s different values, habits, world views or political perspectives are included and considered as vital in alternative press.Alternative press has to find some different distribution channels to give a voice or publisher.Today’s capitalism worl, under the hegemony of mainstream media , it is so hard to find alternative publisher-distribution channels naturally.Most of alternative press magazines-newspaper had pretty short life because without regular serious income and just with some donations, funds,grants or reader’s help you can not survive long.Alternative press is not seeking for commercial-advertising convey to audience-readers but seeking for conveying ideas, ideologies, alternative world views so it became hard to keep living.Alternative press is working also as  community based thing which care too much reader’s opinions, ideas, their letters which are being posted to newspaper or magazine.İt is based on also interactive, horizontal structure that readers can be writers and consumers also become producers when they give ideas, offers to magazine for example.In England under the roof of socialist movement idea the Red Pepper magazine was a good example to show how hard to survive as being alternative press.Red Pepper had faced many financial,economical political problems during its life but ın everytime when it falls down , it succeded to come back as being much more powerful, experienced because the workers did market reasearch, surveys, reader researches, following expectations and by settle the balance between taking advertising-commercial stuff and spreading alternative informations,ideologies or putting good balance among political tendencies ,election terms, and showing themselves much more bigger than really they are to create big voice by the name of labor part, socialist movement , standing against exploiting mainstream press -capitalist ideology.Today in 2000’s we have still many alternative press-magazines-newspapers,texts and so on but still without ignoring advertising, commercial stuff and without taking particular political support-govermental support or regular serious financial income it is so hard to survive or reach bigger environment.One side we may see proffesional workers but on the other hand they have maybe non proffesional but full of passion, loyalty, volunteer, dedicated guys in alternative press so this fact can create a bit better balance among them.Alternative press is carrying the motto on even its name so it could always find alternative ways to make their voice heard and reach particular community in creative ways.


Infoshops. Are they the voice of Alternative Media?

When examining Alternative Media it is imperative to discuss the rise of “Infoshops”. This is a phenomenon with a central function of disseminating information, Infoshops started to come out in the 1990’s (although the British model of Infoshops started in the 80s) and are in relation with the “free Information Network” (FINs) and grew out the of the Free Festival Movement, infoshops were not just places of debate through concerts, distributing leaflets or gathering at cafés but also a source of Alternative Media.

The aim of Infoshops when they first started is to counter and create resistance towards capitalism among many other concerns. They entice intellectual argument and people to go out to protest. Some social scientists argued that they function as a repository and distributor of alternative media.

Blood Orange Organization Infoshop

According to Chris Atton they can offer reading rooms of alternative publications (this can take place online now), perhaps even a small library. It can act as a distribution point for free publications and as a retail outlet for priced publications. It often provides cheap do-it-yourself design and reprographic services to alternative publishers.

Today there are many infoshop sites online that act as news platforms; their uniqueness comes from the fact that they don’t follow mainstream rules and conventions. And through my own research I found they speak more about the concerns of the public rather than working according to a certain agenda or try shifting the public’s attention to a specific news which is what the mainstream media does and been doing for so long. By examining some of the infoshop sites such as infoshop.org a variety of articles are published, it was interesting to find the different standpoints and how the point of view about an issue is being presented, you can’t help but to notice after being exposed for so many long time to traditional mainstream media that you are departing to a new way of reading the news, the writing style which is sometimes un-censored, the word “Anarchist” is being used so many times, in overall it allows the reader to formulate a different perspective or see an issue from a different angle, also, since people from all around the world have the right to contribute, infoshops position themselves to be a Huge source of opinions, what I mean is that there is not a lack of topics nor you can find a main focus that the site is trying to take your attention to.

I believe infoshops has a great potential to alter people’s views thus their lives especially that they have an important advantage of being first established in physical space and then moved to the virtual, they have the ability to influence decision makers, this comes from their ability to gather people and perhaps they could become a changing force. But currently an important matter worth considering is that as much as it’s crucial to have people share their views online and have other people read it and absorb their meanings there should be an equal action in real life so as not to remain only in cyber space.

Finally, back to my first question “Are infoshops the voice of Alternative Media?” the answer I think to be Yes they have a great potential of becoming so. But still only time can tell especially with the speed of how technology is evolving and the emergence of new platforms and communication concepts it would be wise not to factualize this assumption.

The pirate pioneers of alternative radio

“Nothing important dies tonight, just a few ugly guys on a crappy ship. The only sadness tonight is that, in future years, there’ll be so many fantastic songs that it will not be our privilege to play. But, believe you me, they will still be written, they will still be sung and they will be the wonder of the world.”

I remember this quote from head DJ in the movie The boat that rocked because it is the 1960´s pirate radio stations in the UK, on one of which (Radio Caroline) is partly based this movie, which I recall when I elaborate on the term alternative radio. I think in order to understand what this term means nowadays, we have to look back on some of the turning points in the radio broadcasting like the rise and shine of the early pirate radio stations in Britain. If we omit that these radios were broadcasting illegally, which may not be anymore the case of todays alternative radio stations, we can I think trace some similarities. I think in what were these pirate radios broadcasting offshore true pioneers was the labelling of being the “other” voice to the mainstream. These broadcasting ships were the base of a new generation of youth listeners of The Beatles and all those who loved rock´n´roll and pop music nowhere in the main radio provider BBC in the sixties to be found in such an extend and way of delivering the music. Pirate radio broadcasters in the UK were influential in building up a community of listeners who were different than the one of the BBC. They differed not only in whom they attracted, but why they actually did. Pirate radios with its most famous example Radio Caroline were “radical”. They were experimenting with the ways on how to broadcast the content to the listeners and gave in their playlist the space to also back then unknown artists. Pirate radio stood for a new, anti-hegemonic and counter-cultural aspect and I think this is what mainly all the alternative radio stations that followed after have still in common, to stand against the big corporative radio channels.

Despite the fact that some of the pirate radio stations started later to use commercials in order to finance it, so we can say they were not alternative in the sense of being independent of a larger structure, commercial body, but were alternative in its form of bringing a social change, culturally influencing a generation who wanted an alternative source of music and refused the mainstream. The growing popularity of these “floating radio stations” to attract a young audience with a non-traditional music genres its not sure but may have been also an inspiration and reason of BBC to enhance its programming opening up with its first pop music channel Radio 1.

Representing ‘ the other’ (week -3)

The terms of radical media or alternative media can be thought as an extra presentation style and settlement instead of being perceived them as some enterprises that try to replace mainstream media or destroy mainstream media structure in the world.Some spesific groups who especially belong to particular race, ethnicity, political belief, sexual tendency, educational-economical,social class haven’t been represented enough or as equal- fair-objective ways in generally mainstream media channels.No matter if it is tv channel, radio channel, movie or magazine, this is actually a bit rebellion to elitist dominancy for people who believes repressed, ignored , infringed , pushed to back side people also had needed to show themselves to the around.Without seeking for serious profit,financial incomes by rejecting even advertising stuffs and sometimes by using volunteer workers and letting unprofessional,amateur guys for creating, distributing , broadcasting are not easy things to do without passion especially when the matter is not having capital, state-trade help behind you.Participation, being heterogeneous, horizontally settlement, information-ideology flows, being almost non-profit, minority,role replacement are just some key words from their world views- alternative media descriptions.Alternative media try to show readers can be writers and consumers can be producers too in this role and duty exchance according to their perspective.Opening a channel of communication for misrepresented, stigmatized or repressed societal groups is a part of alternative media description when we look at most of academic texts.It is all about freedom, democracy, being against to dark side of capitalism and shifting little bit socialism as understanding under the roof of humanity and equality.Another key word for alternative media is rhizome.Characteristics of rhizome are explained in texts as the principles of connection ,heterogeneity,multiplicity,asignifying rupture when we try to connect it to alternative media.Too many lines are getting growing from rhizome like alternative media, fresh , new and very promising.Radical media or alternative media shouldn’t be thought as recidivist things which trying to bury mainstream media to the ground but instead we may imagine them as extra sources, objective sources, alternative world views, giving chance to them always turn back us as positive way especially in today’s very complicated, blurred and capitalist world.