“No one expected it. In a world darkened by economic distress, political cynicism, cultural emptiness and personal hopelessness, it just happened. Suddenly dictatorship could be overthrown with the bare hands of the people, even if their hands had been bloodied by the sacrifice of those fallen. Financial magicians went from being the objects of public envy to the targets of universal contempt. Politicians became exposed as corrupt liars. Governments were denounced. Media were suspected. Trust vanished…[….]” (Castells, 2012: 1).
In this case people need to create a new way to communicate each other for gathering to be a participant of social movements against to this situation. Mainstream media and government are no longer trustable. So that new ways are rising in order to communication, to reach and share information, to represent events surrounding the world. Communication needs to be as quick as possible. The technology is no longer just a helpful tool for talent sourcing specialist, but a vital part of networked social movements.
According to Castells “networked social movements of the digital age representing a new species”. For instance, networked social sites such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube have a remarkable role to play: activists used them to highlight the initial round of protests, to distribute information, to represent events, to be participant of actions and so on. Additionally Blogs are very important to share experiences. To use social media for revolution, protest or struggle shows the life itself. Owing to increase using social media day by day people become powerful, independent, courageous and determined. Therefore it is a huge risk for government. Because basically it creates a more democratic sphere, and also it provides to reach information rapidly. So governments make provision in which banning to web sites and creating fear onto people.
There are many online revolutions around the world struggle for not only political issue but also economic, cultural, social issue and so on. For instance, ‘Movement of Freedom and Democracy’ in Morocco, Occupy Wall Street in U.S. for “income inequality and wealth distribution”, Arab Spring in Arab countries, Gezi Resistance in Turkey.
I want to give details about Arab Spring. Because the revolution has spread to other countries with a domino effect. Arab Spring Revolution was a series of protests and uprisings in the Middle East that began with unrest in Tunisia in late 2010. The Arab Spring has brought down regimes in some Arab countries. The protests included issues such as dictatorship or absolute monarchy, human rights violations, political corruption, economic decline, unemployment and extreme poverty. The Arab Spring began in Tunisia, but the decisive moment that changed the region forever was the downfall of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. The first mass protest in Egypt was announced on Facebook by an anonymous group of activists, who in a few days managed to attract tens of thousands of people. The social media proved a powerful mobilization tool that helped the activists to outwit the police. Then the Egyptian government attempted to eliminate the nation’s Internet access in order to inhibit the protesters. At the end of the struggle President Morsi was removed to power. In conclusion online revolution play a remarkable and vital role for democracy, human rights and so on.
Castells, M. (2012) Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age. London: Polity Press.