Political Freedom within the frame of New Agoras

The role of new technologies has an importance in considerable level so as to provide crucial transition from repressive use of media to emancipatory use of media. While there are some limitations for totally emancipation, they has potential to create interactive communication which can ensure two way flows of communication, collective mobilization, reaching to many people and so on. In fact, this emancipatory use of media became possible with the birth of the personal computer technology that provides individual use and contribution to communication networks in the second half of twentieth century. Above all, this emancipatory potential of media promotes the rise of new public spaces, new agoras in terms of democratization process. At this juncture, creating new agoras firstly in local level in other words from micro to macro level, the real democratization can be exist in today’s world. Since this form of democracy does not imposed from top to below, contrary it rises from below to above that derived from grassroots. Therefore, when electronic democratic projects became part of democratization process in 1990s, also facilitated local authorities through new form of communication that also ensures more participation by individuals.

As known that the form of nation-state maintains itself as dominant form of state and it makes recognizable itself via the claim of representative democracy from the beginning of twentieth century to present time. However, the critical thing is that can representative democracy provide political freedom for everyone if and to what extent and unfortunately political freedom is not possible in the frame of top-down form of regime that ensure freedom only elites. That’s why, at that point, the role of new media technologies is crucial as means for the participation in political process for everyone in new agoras. Because, this participation to political process originally refers to direct participation to the decision making process that is the key characteristic of real democracy. Undoubtedly, it is impossible to talk about political freedom without participation in decision making process.

In addition, these new media technologies through direct political participation, also gives chance to citizens more control over information (CMC).  Thus, these new media technologies not only give access and control of information to citizens, but also participate political process in order to form agenda. Actually this advance political practice by citizens ensures first and foremost decentralized form of media as the important aspect of new media techologies like Internet. At the same time,  rather than vertical communication, it provides more horizontal way of communication that eliminates hieararchy. In regard to context, citizens can directly and actively participate more through skips the mediators such as journalists, parliamentary representatives, opinions leaders and so on that distort the process of political participation and create illusion of representation in terms of democracy.  In this level, new technologies provide tools which give chance to Agenda setting, proportinal voting and so on in order to perform new strategies for putting away the main lacuna of representative democracy. It is necessary to emphasize that most importantly, giving more room to local participation for rational formation and exchange of opinion in new public spaces, it is possible to reach enlarged scope of representative democracy that can provide real political freedom. Consequently, through developing new kinds of practice in new agoras, also bridges over in order to fill the gap of representative democracy in the democratization process.