In the late 20th century hacker became a figure that have created new way for breaking boundaries and cracking social codes. The hacker first emerged out of the electrical engineering labs at the Massachusetts Institute for Technology ( MIT ).
Himanen believes that hackers can be captured in seven values: passion, freedom, social worth, openness, activity, caring and, the highest value, creativity. They produce new concepts, new perceptions, new sensations in order to social challenge to emerge great cultural changes. Wark believes hackers are the new radicals and the revolutionary class of the twenty-first century. “To hack is to differ …. Hackers create the possibility of new things entering the world. Not always great things, or even good things, but new things. In art, in science, in philosophy and culture, in any production of knowledge where data can be gathered, where information can be extracted from it, and where in that information new possibilities for the world produced, there are hackers hacking the new out of the old.” ( Wark, Mckenzie, A Hacker Manifesto, 2004, pp. 3-4 )
Hacking mean is creativity but to understand clearly we should analysis other political and social meanings. Hacks are material practices that require the whole infrastructure of computers, wires, programming language related to computer, communication and network technology. We can assess hacking into two different angle with one vision hacking as an ally of business and the other vision hacking as the agent of revolution. Taylor (1999), Truckle (1984), Thomas (2002) who have empirical work on hacking find that hackers are attracted illicit acts. They may transgress a law or social convention and hack via illegal ways. Additionally hactivism means “using hacking related techniques for political ends” (Earl and Kimport, 2011, p.225).
If an early slogan of hacker culture has it that ‘information wants to be free’, it finds itself, to borrow from Rousseau, ‘everywhere in chains’ (Wark, 2004: 126). I want to give an example in Turkey called RedHack which was established in the late 1990s. In my opinion they are like-minded Wark’s idea. Their slogan is “ Attacking RedHack is attacking the freedom of information, the press freedom and the freedom of expression. They identify themselves Marksist and Socialist. The government declared them as a “terrorist organization”. They are Turkish left wing hacker group. Their aim is to expose the government’s dirty secrets. The government (AKP) scare from internet in fact be in trouble. RedHack infilitrated to the Ankara police systems, captured some information and published them online. People saw how dirty is police relations. Also they leak details of hundreds of Turkish Government Officials. RedHack has published over 600 records relating to Turkish government officials after breaching the security of the biggest internet service provider in Turkey.
This is the one example of their many actions:
In May, 2012, the cyberactivist group attacked the websites of milk companies following a scandal in which hundreds of children were poisoned by state-distributed milk in schools.
Anonymous who is associated international network of activist and hacktivist entities supports RedHack and the freedom of information of Turkish people.
This support, we will show in every way we possess. ( Anonymous said )
We are Anonymous.
We are Legion.
We do not forgive.
We do not forget.
There is a film about RedHack and its aim and protests.
In conclusion in the information age the hacker undertakes a task for understanding labor, the commodity and private property.
Wark, Mckenzie, Theory, and Culture & Society : Hacking, 2006
Wark, Mckenzie, A Hacker Manifesto, 2004