Underground Press

Definition

Underground press is the independently published and distributed underground papers. It’s a system of clandestine printing and distribution of dissident or banned literature. The underground papers are published by independent insiders and they report on the lifestyle changes and attitudes in a much more radical and authentic manner. They are interested in the counterculture and they try to define the image and identity of this culture. Actually the underground press does not say what you thought but it expresses what you feel.

The history

After the 1960s social movements emerged and the young culture began to interest in social actions, the mainstream media lost its power and began to be ignored by the people. Thus, people who wanted to learn what was happening in Vietnam or in USA politics, or who wanted to learn about the protests or rallies, or who wanted to read and learn about underground music and movies leaned to alternative press. For a decade underground press had a highly important place in the 1960s counterculture because it was the only virtual monopoly on stories and perspectives. According to McMillan’s thesis; “underground press helped to build the counterculture idea, the rise of the anti-war activism and the new left”.

Some Examples:

–          A bi-weekly newspaper published in Canada. The Underground Press.

http://www.undergroundpress.ca/

–          A satirical humor magazine in UK. Oz.

http://www.ozit.co.uk/

–          An underground newspaper in UK. International times.

http://internationaltimes.it/

–          Underground newsppaer in US. Avatar.

http://www.trussel.com/lyman/avatar/avatar.htm

References:

1-      Shaw, R. (2011). The 1960s Underground Press Lives On. Retrieved from: http://www.beyondchron.org/news/index.php?itemid=8928

2-      Underground Press. The British Library. Retrieved from: http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/21cc/counterculture/undergroundpress/undergroundpress.html

3-      Underground Press. Wikipedia. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underground_press