Today, if we talk about Online Revolution, undoubtedly it appears with the Internet because Internet which provides people an environment, a space to gather around for any reason. Actually, Internet which is new connection way ,rather than telephone, fax etc,between people wherever they live. As they come together onto Internet with each other, they become powerful because the powerful not only measure number of people, but also their ideas, their rebellions, their resistance increase because they combine, organize in an effectively way.
And I want to give way some examples in terms of online revolution in different countries.
Author who gives example Yemen movement. This movement which is conducted by many young people in Yemen through social media. Why this movements give momentum because of Facebook group users sprang up spontenously. One of the popular one group called ‘ Yemeni Anger Revolution’. Number of its members are 20.000. On the other hand, Yemenis who use twitter and they started to organize protests with people who are from different countries. On the other hand, authors give way to other countries to create revolution through social media. In Bahrain, many onlive activists who open hashtag , they upload videos, pictures. They create blog which is called Global Voices . Also, one of the activists who share her bad experience toward police and share video to show how police behave to her.
In Algeria, authorities who stop and delete, limite some Facebook accounts and because of this reason protesters who come together towards attitude of state authorities.
In Morocco, protesters who create ‘Movement of Freedom and Democracy’ and their members are 89.000. Their aim to make peaceful protest. The protesters underline that ‘Violent protest is usually not fruitful, especially when you have a peaceful and modern medium you can express yourself and your problems.’
In Iraq, protesters come together for resisting poverty and corruption onto their Facebook group which is called ‘Iraqi Streets for Change’. Young people in Iraqi who express their opinions through social communication and they make connection Tunisia and Egypt because their movements effect onto Iraqi young
In Syria, there was a big problem because authories not only prevent blogs but also create fear onto bloggers because they jail one of the blogger who is 19 years old. Her blog content relates with the suffering from Palestinians. After then, young people who are in Syria create Facebook group which is called ‘The Syrian Revolution 2011’ and the follower number is 24.000.
In Saudi Arabia, activists who encounter pressure of authorities because they react same thing like other countries, they block Facebook and blogs and control over people who are especially activists. In order to react authorities activist who hold a place ‘Saudi Revolution 20 March’. They contact with Tunisia and Egypt and they provide mobilisation between youth to take an action. They protested on the street in dates of 6 th, 11 th, and 20 th March.So these show that how online revolution start to effect with participating people and reaction of them to authorities. (I take information from this link: http://www.channel4.com/news/arab-revolt-social-media-and-the-peoples-revolution )
http://egyptucb.weebly.com/: In this link, author who penetrates and give detail information about Egyptian Revolution. This is called ‘Facebook, Twitter or Social Media Revolution’ The Egyptian people who hold a place in social media, especiall last 5 years, but in the period January and February 2011, the usage percentage of Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, blogging websites increased and mainstream media hold a place at the backpart of this and the participation number of social media start with small number and then it increased day by day and the effectiveness of this revolution is affected by Tunisia revolution in terms of economic social factors.
so these examples show that how revolution through online become pwoerful day by day towards state and this shows that how resistance of people spread one country to another.
In conclusion, online revolution provides firstly with Internet and people who have Internet access come together to resist towards powerfuls, problems in terms of economy, social justice. They provide connection, and this connection happens under common goals because they want to react something and they receive support of one another under creating groups onto Internet especially social media. If I compare revolution in mainstream to online, there is many differences, because as people want to share protests or activists opinions, they easily connect to the Internet and share with other people whose place doesn’t important. Also, in mainstream media, as media patronage accept or not, they encounter pressure of authorities , they don’t imply freedom of speech, they set agendas in mainstream media and manipulate people according to specific ideologies but in online, everyone has right to organize other people and say everything about any issue so online revalutions which cause antagonism environment toward powerful, authorities but it is a positive frame to see democractic scene.