The first graffiti emerged in the late seventies in the United States, specifically in New York, in the Bronx, where the pioneers of this art began to transfer sketches of drawings, letters on the wall, adopting the common name for this form of artistic expression – graffiti. The first European graffiti were created in the early eighties on the Berlin wall. So the graffiti are first used as propaganda aimed at the reunification of the German people, what happened about ten years later, when the Berlin Wall fell, and with it the first European graffiti are destroyed. Shortly after Berlin, graffiti are appeared in Paris, Amsterdam, Rome and London. In the mid-eighties graffiti could be seen in every major city of Europe and the rest of the world.
Social meaning of graphite lies in the fact that they present an alternative media of communication that opposes means of mass communication. Young people use these activities and ways to interact because they are unable to communicate in socially acceptable ways, and they have a need to convey their attitude and values, even if it is done by writing and drawing on public land. This specific form of human expression allows individuals to learn about the social environment with its identity and values often deviate from the norms of the environment. In that way they want to connect with like-minded people.
Graffiti is often associated with the political and social situation in the society, and as such serve as a parameter of social change. It is not unusual that in tense , even crisis situations, spontaneously react to the political, and social realities with graffiti. Graffiti can also serve as an important platform to raise public and disruption of other cultures. Authors graphite their visual work of art placed in public space and they see it as “intact format” to communicate with ordinary people, and about socially relevant topics. Thus aesthetically valuable messages sent in the form of simple written words, sometimes elaborate wall paintings. With their own work and language they are trying to encourage changes in the social and cultural spheres of society.