According to the definition, social media is web-based and mobile technologies used to turn communication into interactive dialogue. It is defined as a group of internet-based applications that built on the ideological and technological foundations of the web. Social media is a new media type for social interaction as a superset beyond social communication it has changed the way of organizations, communities and individual communicate. When social media is pronounced, the name of Facebook is come everybody’s mind immediately. Facebook is a social networking service and website launched in February 2004, operated and privately. It has more than 800 million active users. Users must register before using the site, after which they may create a personal profile, upload photos, and add other users as friends, and exchange messages, including automatic notifications when they update their profile. Additionally, users may join common-interest user groups, organized by workplace, school or college, or other characteristics, and categorize their friends into lists such as “People From Work” or “Close Friends”. Facebook allows any users who want to declare him or herself in many occasions. There are many discussions about the effect on Facebook, either negative or positive. One of them is related with the effects on the health. It is really interesting to see how all those “likes,” “pokes,” and status updates are really affecting the people and their family’s well-being, and how they can protect themselves from some of the potentially negative side effects.
Research shows that Facebook can:
Fuel self-esteem. People feel better about themselves after they updated their Facebook profiles. Strengthen friendship bonds. The site helped cement positive interactions among friends. Both private messages and wall posts allowed Facebook users to confide in their friends, surf down memory lane, and laugh out loud, promoting happy feelings.
Stamp out shyness and loneliness. The adults found that receiving messages from friends and consuming info from friends’ news feeds boosted feelings of connectedness, especially in people with self-described “low social skills.” Similar benefits hold true for tweens and teens: Communicating online helped improve communication skills for lonely adolescents, giving them an outlet to talk more comfortably about personal topics.
Research also shows that Facebook can:
Cause depression. When tweens and teens spend too much time on social media, leading them to turn to “substance abuse, unsafe sexual practices, or aggressive or self-destructive behaviors.”
Trigger eating disorders. The more time adolescent girls spent on the social networking site, the more likely they were to develop eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and extreme dieting. Exposure to online fashion and music content, as well as watching TV shows like Gossip Girl, were also associated with an increased risk for eating disorders.
Soure : Wikipedia, www.everydayhealth.com