Online Revolution

Online revoltions today thanks to the Internet. With internet developments social sites became active and world can contact easy and speedly. We see online revolutions succes in Arab Spring. And internet play major role in that time.

If we tcompare mainstream media and internet, we must talk about free speech and can free from resistance. Mainstream media make manipulate people nd make news from side of the government. Arab Spring lshow to us attackt to the goverment but with social media that people tell uys their aim and goals. In Tahrir people get common with social media. Facebook, tiwiteer , wikileaks etc, play important role. They contact with these platform and announce of the people what was happening. People can be find different opnion about whats going on. In that time it is the first time we see alternative nmkedia power. And differences from mainstream media. Today we live dinternet age and people can be find a way of support their ideas. Like annonymous is an example. They get collective on the internet and they can be resistance . It is important development on the media.

Online/Internet Revolutions

The reason that makes internet technology different from other technologies and the factors that enable the internet technology has developed that rapidly, are the internet users who are very open to develop this technology and who are always in an interaction with the technology. This difference cause Internet to develop and change itself rapidly and quietly invade our lives.  The internet has been developing and spreading so fast that nobody can catch up its speed. The speed of the enlargement of the internet has been very surprising both in the world and in our country. Even the wireless connection has begun to spread when the wired connections have not been exactly settled yet. Moreover, it was not too expensive like the other new technologies. It has become cheap very quickly unlike the other new technologies which were highly expensive when they were first produced. Internet has already become the biggest revolution in the world made by human beings. Internet has replaced its indispensable place in our lives. Furthermore, it has begun to cause some generation conflicts and differences of opinion among people. While some of us have started to use it very efficiently, some of us have not been even aware of that. Grandparents and grandkids, even parents and kids can be given as an example for this generation conflict. Internet has become a virtual copy of our lives. New concepts have come into our lives like; internet shopping, internet dating, chatting on the internet, internet business and making money from internet. We have begun to discuss the problems which Internet causes, without thinking how this revolution has become reality. The children who are interested in computers and internet all day and children who have begun to become asocial day by day are the main concerns of the agenda.

Internet has been a revolutionary tool for the political and social issues as well. The first example can be the political campaign that was carried out over the internet was very effective in the election of the first black prime minister in USA. Another example is the social movement called Arab Spring. We started to feel the impact of the internet with the events that were emerged after Ahmedinehjad’s victory in the elections. Arab spring in which internet was used very effectively and the organization of masses was done over internet we have obviously seen the power of the internet and the revolutions that are done over the internet. Internet has become a place, in which the social movements are discussed and organized and virtual wars break out. The best part of it of course, we are able to do all these things in the comfort of our homes.

What the Online Revolution means todays life

ONLINE REVOLUTION

Today, if we talk about Online Revolution, undoubtedly it appears with the Internet because Internet which provides people an environment, a space to gather around for any reason. Actually, Internet which is new connection way ,rather than telephone, fax etc,between people wherever they live. As they come together onto Internet with each other, they become powerful because the powerful not only measure number of people, but also their ideas, their rebellions, their resistance increase because they combine, organize in an effectively way.

And I want to give way some examples in terms of online revolution in different countries.

Author who gives example Yemen movement. This movement which is conducted by many young people in Yemen through social media. Why this movements give momentum because of Facebook group users sprang up spontenously. One of the popular one group called ‘ Yemeni Anger Revolution’. Number of its members are 20.000. On the other hand, Yemenis who use twitter and they started to organize protests with people who are from different countries. On the other hand, authors give way to other countries to create revolution through social media. In Bahrain, many onlive activists who open hashtag , they upload videos, pictures. They create blog which is called Global Voices . Also, one of the activists who share her bad experience toward police and share video to show how police behave to her.

In Algeria, authorities who stop and delete, limite some Facebook accounts and because of this reason protesters who come together towards attitude of state authorities.

In Morocco, protesters who create ‘Movement of Freedom and Democracy’ and their members are 89.000. Their aim to make peaceful protest. The protesters underline that ‘Violent protest is usually not fruitful, especially when you have a peaceful and modern medium you can express yourself and your problems.’

In Iraq, protesters come together for resisting poverty and corruption onto their Facebook group which is called ‘Iraqi Streets for Change’. Young people in Iraqi who express their opinions through social communication and they make connection  Tunisia and Egypt because their movements effect onto Iraqi young

In Syria, there was a big problem because authories not only prevent blogs but also create fear onto bloggers because they jail one of the blogger who is 19 years old. Her blog content relates with the suffering from Palestinians. After then, young people who are in Syria create Facebook group which is called ‘The Syrian Revolution 2011’ and the follower number is 24.000.

In Saudi Arabia, activists who encounter pressure of authorities because they react same thing like other countries, they block Facebook and blogs and control over people who are especially activists. In order to react authorities activist who hold a place ‘Saudi Revolution 20 March’. They contact with Tunisia and Egypt and they provide mobilisation between youth to take an action. They protested on the street in dates of 6 th, 11 th, and 20 th March.So these show that how online revolution start to effect with participating people and reaction of them to authorities. (I take information from this link:  http://www.channel4.com/news/arab-revolt-social-media-and-the-peoples-revolution )

http://egyptucb.weebly.com/:  In this link, author who penetrates and give detail information about Egyptian Revolution. This is called ‘Facebook, Twitter or Social Media Revolution’ The Egyptian people who hold a place in social media, especiall last 5 years, but in the period January and February 2011, the usage percentage of Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, blogging websites increased and mainstream media hold a place at the backpart of this and the participation number of social media start with small number and then it increased day by day and the effectiveness of this revolution is affected by Tunisia revolution in terms of economic social factors.

so these examples show that how revolution through online become pwoerful day by day towards state and this shows that how resistance of people spread one country to another.

In conclusion, online revolution provides firstly with Internet and people who have Internet access come together to resist towards powerfuls, problems in terms of economy, social justice. They provide connection, and this connection happens under common goals because they want to react something and they receive support of one another under creating groups onto Internet especially social media. If I compare revolution in mainstream to online, there is many differences, because as people want to share protests or activists opinions, they easily connect to the Internet and share with other people whose place doesn’t important. Also, in mainstream media, as media patronage accept or not, they encounter  pressure of authorities , they don’t imply freedom of speech, they set agendas in mainstream media and manipulate people according to specific ideologies but in online, everyone has right to organize other people and say everything about any issue  so online revalutions which cause antagonism environment toward powerful, authorities but it is a positive frame to see democractic scene.

 

 

REFERENCES:

1-http://www.channel4.com/news/arab-revolt-social-media-and-the-peoples-revolution

2-http://egyptucb.weebly.com/

Social networks, tools for revolution

Social networks, tools for revolution

Connecting people on the Internet are increasingly used in social and political purposes. Social networks have proven to be suitable for organizing protests. The sudden popularity of social networks are not only changed the way in which we communicate, but has changed the way of spreading the news. Social networks have become new medium through which to disseminate information, gather supporters, and start a revolution. It’s getting easier to spread ideals, to encourage people to change, but also to spread negative propaganda.

Social networks are becoming increasingly easier enabler of social responsibility and irresponsibility. Social networks can be used to promote awareness of those around us, highlighting the problems of society and as a means of solving these problems, but also can be used to spread negativity and crime.

The 2009 and 2010 year, during a protest against the rigging of the presidential elections in Iran, social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter) and other online media are used as sometimes the only available channels to inform the outside world about the events in Iran. World also has Moldova’s twitter revolution in 2009. After that, we have big role of social media in Arab spring revolution. Thanks to the twitter, facebook, and youtube several dictatorial regime are destroyed.

Social networks should be viewed primarily as a new and truly excellent tool of social mobilization and activism, not as inherently capable to contribute to the necessary and desired positive social change. So, the internet and online tools (social networking sites, forums, wikis, etc.). Proved to be invaluable as a tool and a means of communication and organization of social movements, protests and activism in general.

Here https://informationactivism.org/en/original_10_tactics_project  you can find 10 tactics of info-activism, with tools and tips for you to plan your own campaign.

I also suggest you this https://www.tacticaltech.org/

Social networks like Twitter and Facebook are means of which information can be sent faster and more efficiently than with “traditional” journalism. If you use them in the best possible way, you can make fast revolution, real revolution, and most important it can be success, and you can make ‘spring’  in your country.  TV station Al Jazeera has filmed education campaign about using social networks. Here you can find more about that http://www.youtube.com/user/AJUnplugged101?feature=watch

 

 

References:

https://informationactivism.org/en/original_10_tactics_project

https://www.tacticaltech.org/

http://www.youtube.com/user/AJUnplugged101?feature=watch

Internet Revolution

Social movements such as the environmental movement, the human rights or nationalist movements have been making use of Internet as a communication channel to promote relations both among its members and to encourage protest actions. I want here highlight the positive side of the Internet as a resource in the hands of movements which, by its democratic and widely participatory, connected with the aspirations of most humans, but this does not preclude recognizing the “dark side” of the Internet, and that the network can also be used by fundamentalist movements that preach intolerance or totalitarian political groups.
The peculiar characteristics of the Internet favor the use of the network by the effect sociales.In movements, Internet communication is bidirectional, which means a model of man as active versus passive man model (reader, listener or viewer ) promoted by the mass media and often by psychology (man as passive recipient of a stimulus to which responding). The actor model, which grants it the starring role, with initiative and control over your life, is consistent with the social actors involved in collective movements and direct their action, consciously and deliberately, toward its goals.

Internet communication is horizontal, from user to user, and contrasts with the vertical communication hierarchical of some institutions. The alternative non-institutional communication and makes it particularly suitable for use by large numbers of people without access to official media and trying to express opinions and interests opposed to those of the dominant groups.

New Media

New Media Technologies and Alternative Media are very important for creating more democratic public sphere. Firstly we can start with New Media Technology. Internet is one of the example for the new media technologies. A few years ago there was an event in China. The Chinese’s attacked the Uighur`s. These attacks continued a long time and it was showed by the television but after a while, the television started to didn`t broadcast these attack because of the Chinese state. They stopped the broadcast. From that time the local peoples in China started to take photos and take videos about this attack. And they published them to the all over the world by using web sites like Twitter. Chinese state tried to show that these attacks are finished but people`s all over the world take the truth information with the helping of videos and photos from the Twitter. All of these are the results of the internet.But also this event is available for the Alternative media.Twitter also can be given as an example for the Alternative media. Because Twitter is a website like a blog. People write their opinions and their critics about everything. And in this event, twitter is functioned as citizen journalism by publishing these videos and photos.

Citizen Journalism means  to give informations over the internet and social network connections about the important social events. These informations are given by the citizens.