Activism Forms in the world of Social Media

By the turn of the twentieth century media organization has established themselves as voices of their societies, although more often they were the voices of politicians in their countries. However, its connection as a source to propagate ideas, the concerns and the struggles of the people was never lost. Perhaps in the second half of the twentieth century with the emergence of many groups advocating or protesting many issues, whether it was the woman’s movement, or Vietnam war in the U.S, or the anti-nuclear movement in the Germany back in the seventies and many other, these activist groups turned to the media as a sphere of political action. Perhaps social movements are the most that sought to public communication medium in order to achieve their projects.

However, there is a distinction must be made for Media activist where according William Carroll they differ in their social sources, sites, strategies and interventions which he identified following as the political economy tied to these media: (1) the institutional architecture of media organizations control and access to production and distribution; (1) the production process within media organizations (including notions of ethics and professionalism), (3) the content, or texts, frames, messages and programmes disseminated through that production process; (4) media audiences, whose attention to and negotiation of the multiple but structured potential meanings of media texts condition the latter’s ideological effectivity; and the cultural and structural ‘environment’ of communication institution” (Caroll, 2006). We can see these really pertain to the traditional mainstream media, so it won’t be surprising when we see how with the help of the new communication technologies people have found new outlets for their activist pursuits.

To shed light on some of activist movements taking place I think one of the most prominent ones are those that are called Hashtag Activism on social media, where we have seen many protests campaigns organizing themselves or voicing their news mainly on Twitter (since it’s the one that has #Hashtag) which they were able to reach to a vast majority of people all over the world. Many other movements come to my mind such as the Arab Spring, where I think the most important element used was social media but then once people gathered on the ground another dynamic would take place in which people began to bond in groups and kind of support each other, at least that’s what happened in Tahrir square in Egypt during the 2011 revolution which threw president Hosni Mubarak. I think these two examples take precedence now a day’s adding to them Occupy Wall Street in the U.S which also used social media extensively to spread its news. And of course there will always be the Indymedia which is one of the early versions of activism with the help of technological means of videotaping the Seattle protests back in the nineties.

Today, we have social media as the newest form of utilizing media for activism, previously we had examples such as “Samizdat” in communist Russia, or the traditional print form magazine “Red Pepper” in the U.K. I have to ask what will be the next new outlet for activists to spread their word.

Do we trust in Wikipedia?

Wikipedia as we know is a important source of information, which is different of all of the others, because everybody can add information in an individually way.
But is it good?  as we can see at the university, most of the times is not a valid source of information, so we don´t trust in what is written there..
It is good that is a common knowledge which is share around the world, but when you don´t know exactly the source is not very trustable.
Sometimes we could read there events that still didn´t happen as some murders in USA, where the killer writes before do nothing what he wanna do.
So here is the problem, in the place where everybody can write and give information, and different points of view, sometimes are not well used, and when are well used as we don´t know exactly the source we don´t trust neither, however i am sure that it is used much more times than it is said.
The projects of common knowledge in my opinion should be always trustable, and it happens when you know exactly the sources.

Collaborative projects

 

Collaborative projects or joint projects, are allowing the creation of content , joint and at the same time, by many end users.

In the framework of joint projects, there are websites that allow users to add, remove and change text-based content – and social bookmarking applications – that enable the collection and assessment of group internet links or contents. The primary applications in this category include online encyclopedia Wikipedia and the social bookmarking web service Delicious, which lets you add and sharing web bookmarks. Wiki is currently available in over 230 different languages.

The main idea of collaborative projects is that a joint effort of many actors leads to a better outcome, than any actor could achieve individually. From a corporate perspective, companies need to be aware that the collaborative projects are modern and the main source of information for many consumers. For example, an online book retailer Amazon started to test the idea of dynamic pricing.

Collaborative projects also bringing some unique opportunities for companies. Finnish handset maker Nokia, for example, uses internal wikis to update opinions of employees about the status of the project and the idea of a trade. Likewise, the American computer software company Adobe Systems maintains a list of firms eg similar related websites.

 

Examples of geoscience wikis

Geology wikia- Geoscience’s version of Wikipedia. Lend your expertise to this resource by contributing content or editing articles.

The College of Wooster Geology Wiki is private, but the home screen is shown in the image to the right. The wiki is generally organized by project. In the expanded Iceland Project, there are pages that contain travel information, writing spaces for research students, an annotated bibliography, data files and photos, and files related to specific subprojects. There is also a methods page so that all researchers have access to standard operating procedures and a group calendar so that students and faculty can keep track of deadlines and progress.

I took this information from http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/undergraduate_research/collaborate.html

Here you can find more http://geology.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page

 

Examples of social bookmarking sites

 

Delicious – a well-established and widely used social bookmarking site.

Diigo – a social bookmarking site with additional annotation capabilities and special educator accounts.

Xmarks – a program that allows users to sync bookmarks across different computers and share bookmarks with others.

Scrible – an NSF-funded web annotation service that allows users to make notes on web pages and share annotations. Here are the most popular socal bookmarking sites

Brainify – a social bookmarking site for the academic community.

I took this information from http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/undergraduate_research/collaborate.html

At the firs place of the most popular social bookmarking websites is Twitter. Here are the most popular socal bookmarking sites

http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/social-bookmarking-websites

References:

http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/undergraduate_research/collaborate.html

http://geology.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page

http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/undergraduate_research/collaborate.html

http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/social-bookmarking-websites

The relation between Globalization and Simulation

Economy,transportation,industry,technology and these kind of things are integrated with each other without any boundary with the globalization. According to Appadurai; Globalization is brought away the concept of time and space.

It did it wih the helping of technology. In the past, people didn’t manage to reach the knowledge very easily for example; people didn’t find lots of sources about some subjects or they didn’t see the photographs or videos about the different events from the all over the world. Without doubt they  heard or saw these kind of things from the televison or radio or newspapers but the internet is moved these situation in a very different area which name is simulation. All the action films and all the computer games can be given as an example of the simulation. When we watched or played these kind of films or games, we are fascinated and all of the things which we watched are came us so real and we are surprised. This situation is also occurred in the real life. There are lots of events happen in the world like wars, conflicts, starvations and these kinds of events. With the helping of technology,we watched them instantly in our houses like a simulation, they are so close but at the same time they are so far away for us. Globalization is presented us a new world.