When we look at the mainstream media we faced controlling and undepended media. They are controlled by financial sectors and media owners filtered some news. If they want to publih we can see it but if do not want to the publish we watch manipulating news. We see it Arap Spring and Israil situation. Media owners give news according to the their political views and their political interest. And they are controlled by governments and filtered. But with new technology , born alternative way. Nowadays people can get connect easily and freely. A case when it did very short time we heart it with social media. Like facebook,tweteer, youtube. It is borned citizen journalism. Everyone can make own news and can share easily. We see example of it in Arabian Spring. People share news and pictures, videos in Tahrir . So it is opposit of the mainstream media. And last example of Reyhanlı. Goverment is filtered but people share real news on the Internet. Some newspapers and online media start citizen journalism. You take photo and write about case and sent this site. At the same time your news publish the public.
As mainstream media get more and more controlled by states, governments or owners of them, the need for alternative media channels rises up. Some media owners can manipulate information just to preserve their economical interests or relationships with political parties. Luckily, people have some courageous individuals who aim to disseminate events and news in an objective way.
Citizen journalism is getting more common in time. To define shortly what citizen journalism is, Rogers indicates that, “put very simply, citizen journalism is when private individuals do essentially what professional reporters do – report information.” In this aspect, we cannot neglect the importance of technology. The reason for this, since citizen journalists does not perform this information reporting job in a proffesional way, they need some tools to disseminate their findings. At this point, they are able to use some video, photo or text-based sharing websites to let others know what is happening. Also. integration of cameras with phones permit these amateur journalists to perform journalism. Thus, they do not need to have a TV channel, newspaper or expensive camera stuff.
With the emergence of smartphones, there are many applications became available for anyone who uses that gadgets. One of these applications, called Guardian Witness, which was released recently, made possible to share almost any information with other users.
Link for Guardian Witness:
However, people can use Instagram, Twitter or Facebook accounts to share information with their followers. If we consider that today almost everyone is connected to the internet consistently, loading and uploading information is easier than ever.
Here is a video about citizen journalism;
In Mosco’s model of political economy, the control and the survival that related with the maintainence of social order are the main point to explain political economy. He focuses on four main characteristic of critical political economy:
- Social change and history: Political economy continues the tradition of classical theorists, uncovering the dynamics of capitalism,its cyclical nature, the growth of monopoly capital, state apparatus and so on.
- Social totality: The political economy is holistic that explores the relations among commodity, institutions , social relations and hegemony. It explores the determination among these elements.
- Moral Philosophy: The analysis of economic system and also discussion of the policy problems and moral issues that arise from it.
- Praxis: Political economists attempt to transcend teh distinction between researc and plicy, orienting their work toward actual social changes and practice.