Social networks, tools for revolution

Social networks, tools for revolution

Connecting people on the Internet are increasingly used in social and political purposes. Social networks have proven to be suitable for organizing protests. The sudden popularity of social networks are not only changed the way in which we communicate, but has changed the way of spreading the news. Social networks have become new medium through which to disseminate information, gather supporters, and start a revolution. It’s getting easier to spread ideals, to encourage people to change, but also to spread negative propaganda.

Social networks are becoming increasingly easier enabler of social responsibility and irresponsibility. Social networks can be used to promote awareness of those around us, highlighting the problems of society and as a means of solving these problems, but also can be used to spread negativity and crime.

The 2009 and 2010 year, during a protest against the rigging of the presidential elections in Iran, social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter) and other online media are used as sometimes the only available channels to inform the outside world about the events in Iran. World also has Moldova’s twitter revolution in 2009. After that, we have big role of social media in Arab spring revolution. Thanks to the twitter, facebook, and youtube several dictatorial regime are destroyed.

Social networks should be viewed primarily as a new and truly excellent tool of social mobilization and activism, not as inherently capable to contribute to the necessary and desired positive social change. So, the internet and online tools (social networking sites, forums, wikis, etc.). Proved to be invaluable as a tool and a means of communication and organization of social movements, protests and activism in general.

Here  you can find 10 tactics of info-activism, with tools and tips for you to plan your own campaign.

I also suggest you this

Social networks like Twitter and Facebook are means of which information can be sent faster and more efficiently than with “traditional” journalism. If you use them in the best possible way, you can make fast revolution, real revolution, and most important it can be success, and you can make ‘spring’  in your country.  TV station Al Jazeera has filmed education campaign about using social networks. Here you can find more about that




Collaborative projects


Collaborative projects or joint projects, are allowing the creation of content , joint and at the same time, by many end users.

In the framework of joint projects, there are websites that allow users to add, remove and change text-based content – and social bookmarking applications – that enable the collection and assessment of group internet links or contents. The primary applications in this category include online encyclopedia Wikipedia and the social bookmarking web service Delicious, which lets you add and sharing web bookmarks. Wiki is currently available in over 230 different languages.

The main idea of collaborative projects is that a joint effort of many actors leads to a better outcome, than any actor could achieve individually. From a corporate perspective, companies need to be aware that the collaborative projects are modern and the main source of information for many consumers. For example, an online book retailer Amazon started to test the idea of dynamic pricing.

Collaborative projects also bringing some unique opportunities for companies. Finnish handset maker Nokia, for example, uses internal wikis to update opinions of employees about the status of the project and the idea of a trade. Likewise, the American computer software company Adobe Systems maintains a list of firms eg similar related websites.


Examples of geoscience wikis

Geology wikia- Geoscience’s version of Wikipedia. Lend your expertise to this resource by contributing content or editing articles.

The College of Wooster Geology Wiki is private, but the home screen is shown in the image to the right. The wiki is generally organized by project. In the expanded Iceland Project, there are pages that contain travel information, writing spaces for research students, an annotated bibliography, data files and photos, and files related to specific subprojects. There is also a methods page so that all researchers have access to standard operating procedures and a group calendar so that students and faculty can keep track of deadlines and progress.

I took this information from

Here you can find more


Examples of social bookmarking sites


Delicious – a well-established and widely used social bookmarking site.

Diigo – a social bookmarking site with additional annotation capabilities and special educator accounts.

Xmarks – a program that allows users to sync bookmarks across different computers and share bookmarks with others.

Scrible – an NSF-funded web annotation service that allows users to make notes on web pages and share annotations. Here are the most popular socal bookmarking sites

Brainify – a social bookmarking site for the academic community.

I took this information from

At the firs place of the most popular social bookmarking websites is Twitter. Here are the most popular socal bookmarking sites


Citizen journalism and its importance

Citizen journalism and its importance


Journalism is constantly struggling with the confidence of his audience, and to retain (or to return) positive reputation, requires adaptation to contemporary needs and demands of media consumers. These changes are imposed on their own, because of this multi-media age, people are in many ways involved in the media world with their comments, uploading photos and video clips. They are no longer just passive observers, but have the opportunity to be active creators and critics. Why then the media would not slightly opened the door a little more and allow entry into a whole new realm?

Citizen journalism is the dissemination of information by people who are not professional journalists. Citizens reporters do not do this kind of journalism because it is their job, but because of the way they want to improve society. Citizen journalism is the basis of democracy that encourages citizens to actively participate in social processes.

Jay Rosen, professor at  NYU, and  member of the Wikipedia advisory board,  gives this definition of citizien journalism. “When the people formerly known as the audience employ the press tools they have in their possession to inform one another, that’s citizen journalism.” Taken from

Here you can watch video clip about this definition

The development of information and communication technologies, especially the Internet, has led to the emergence of citizen journalism, which means the active role of citizens in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information. All citizens create and distribute them with the help of mobile phones, the Internet, i-pod, computer, etc. Thanks to the  digital technology, citizen journalism is universally accessible and globally relevant, it becomes an important part of the content within the traditional media – both public and commercial. It has become an important corrections of official sources of information, it helped to create a real and objective view of the world.

When we look at the mass media, they are now mostly privately owned, and their main guide is profit. On the one hand, the media are financed by advertising, and something what usually happens is that advertisers and other factors largely influence the editorial policy. The development of technology has in many ways changed the mass media. This is primarily related to the emergence and development of the Internet, who first made that the popularity of other media declines, and then encourage the media to change and adapt their content. So today most newspaper companies have web sites, where you are able to read some of the free content from the print edition, or they have portal news. The development of the Internet has allowed newspapers to expand their ways to present content so that now they can in one place publish text, photos, videos, and immediately receive feedback from readers and the like.


As the Internet has expanded the possibilities of previous media, It also allow to ordinary people to express their opinion, and that opinion comes to millions of people worldwide. An important step happened during the late nineties, when began massive popularity of blogs. Blog  is a type of website that allows users to write on a variety of topics, from intimate diaries to political commentary. Today the blog is category that most newspapers have on their own website.

YouTube has launched a special channel called YouTube Reporter’s center, where citizens are able to look at a number of video tutorials in which, by some of the leading experts in the field of journalism explaining how to do amateur journalism, ie. civic journalism. It is covered a number of topics, from finding ideas for stories, technical implementation, presenting stories and etc. Then is open YouTube Direct, a channel where media can download or order a few of the amateur journalism works, in which are involved some major media companies such as The San Francisco Chronicle, NPR, The Huffington Post and Politico.

At the last World Blog Expo, held in September this year, a first training was made, about citizen journalism, for which there was great interest. The fact is that people are increasingly able to actively participate in commenting on current social events. Although it seems that the journalists in this way lose their place, they are actually in a position to improve the quality of their work, thanks to this new type of competition.

Here you can find more about World Blog Expo

The Guardian has made a system that gives readers insight into the stories that journalists and editors are processed, but also invites them to their comments and suggestions participate in choosing the topics they would like to read. Through the columns ‘News Desk live’ readers can follow the daily blog where journalists expose and explain the reason for selecting a particular story, concerning which will accurately report and why, while all stakeholders are free to express their ideas and suggestions, to make the final product in the better quality. Users can  contact the journalist via Twitter (# opennews). Also, under ‘You Tell Us’, readers everyday can comment and suggest ideas for topics news. While most of the media still prefer to close their doors  for proposals, and they think how to charge content that is interest only for minority, examples such as the Guardian, which is a prestigious British newspaper, gives a glimmer of hope that journalists still exist primarily because of its audience.

In contemporary society, the role of the media in many ways are changing. Although citizen journalism in some cases is dismissed as unnecessary and too amateur, big media companies had no choice but to support it.

Civil journalism can be a volunteer, but also people can earn money. Citizenside web site is good for both. Citizenside allows you to earn money for the photos and video clips, which you normally only published on your profiles of social networks.
Citizenside will pay up to 65 percent of the selling price of your photo or video, if it shows the media interest worldwide. Payment will be made to service your PayPal account for up to 60 days after the sale.

To the end, I suggest you to watch this funny, interesting, short video, which is the Winner of ‘Ad of the Year 2012’ by BBH London.




Social movements and power of new technologies

Week 8

Social movements and power of new technologies

The power of new technologies in the creation of political and social movements is known from recent history. Arab Spring and the Occupy movement are real examples. To understand the role of new technologies, ie. social networks in the creation of contemporary politics should emphasize that their importance does not lie in the technology itself, but in its role in the creation of new sources of power. New technologies not only allow everyone to access to information and ideas, they are opened access for all, access to a wide audience. So now everyone is able to tell his story, to find people who share the same values, and trough association the right to acquire the power. The possibility of associating restored the faith that people can change things.

How to harness new technologies and create social and political as well as consumer and cultural movements 21 century must surely know the team behind the platform Purpose. By working in new fields of political participation and social engagement that allow new technologies Purpose invents ways that realize the power of people as citizens, consumers, and cultural factors, ie. dealing with businesses social movements. By bringing together large numbers of people, both on-line and “on the ground” through their movements Purpose affect actual policy, but also enables the implementation of changes in the behavior of citizens, which is necessary to achieve changes, that policy will not make itself. Purpose is hide behind some of the most important political movements online. The powerful voice of the people from around the world on issues such as climate change, human rights and global politics transmitted which currently has members in 190 countries and operates in thirteen languages. Recent initiatives  of Purpose deals with the specific problem of LGBTQ people.

Fighting for a world in which everyone can live freely and be accepted as is, All Out gives equal attention to political and cultural activity, changing both the law and the way in which society perceives diversity. Interestingly is that this movement in the first few months of its existence has raised over a million members in 190 countries.

Future of political action is certainly in new technologies. But also keep in mind that a couple of clicks does not make a difference. The biggest change we made to the social network is, that a small man, associated to the community, no longer feels helpless before the institutions. We hope this is the beginning of the world according to our measure.


More about Purpose

More about

More about All Out

E-democracy, E-voting

Week 7


E-democracy, E-voting

The rapid development of information technology has opened a whole new field of research on the relationship between new technologies and media, primarily the Internet, and the process of democratization. The media have always played a significant role in the deliberations of democracy and democratization.

E-democracy is a relatively new concept, which is still to a lesser extent describes current practices and more closely describes the potential of new communication technologies in the creation of opportunities for implementation, expansion and deepening of democracy.

The functioning of a contemporary democracy can not be considered completely separate from functioning of mass communication, if for no other reason, because of that is a fundamental right that democracy means and without which it is impossible to access to information and especialy to alternative sources of information. In this sense, the internet, because of the number of its content and its sources  (which results in a virtually complete absence of any kind of censorship), certainly provides capabilities which are far beyond the capabilities of any other media. However, the Internet is still a wide range of specificities, among which are the interactivity and speed that allows obtaining confirmation information in real time.

It is interesting that with the development of the Internet, since the seventies of the 20th century to the present, in the social sciences the concept of network takes more central place. According to some authors, the network will be the next leading form of organization – after tribes, hierarchies, and markets that will redefine the society, and with iy the nature of conflict and cooperation. In the context of democracy and democratization should be noted that the network is essentially non-hierarchical form of organization, (which does not mean that the essential democratic).

As an activity that regulates all other activities, politics can not remain unaffected by the changes that internet brought into society. Interactivity of the Internet may have opened up new opportunities for citizens’ participation in political life.

E-democracy is a relatively new concept, which is still to a lesser extent describes current practices and more closely describes the potential of new communication technologies in the creation of opportunities for implementation, expansion and deepening of democracy.

Role of the Internet in the process of democratization can be explored in all contexts the democratization, process of democratic transition, democratization of society in the broadest sense, and the democratization of international relations sphere . Electronic democracy involves the use of other technologies, such as mobile telephony or cable television.

As an activity that regulates all other activities, politics can not remain unaffected by the changes that internet brought into society. Interactivity of the Internet may have opened up new opportunities for citizens’ participation in political life. It is noted that the political parties relatively slow adapting to this new technology. On the other hand, the possibility of voting via the Internet  opened many problems and controversies, like the potential threat to the secrecy of the ballot, and the possibility of manipulation.

Some countries are already using electronic voting. This e-voting map visualizes the current status quo of the world wide use of electronic voting and new voting technologies.


According to International Foundation for Electoral Systems Most of Europe was not using electronic voting in 2012.

Regardless of whether the electronic democracy understood only as a means or as an entirely new form of democracy, it clearly provides some opportunities for democratization.

Television and computer technology

Television technology has created a magnificent electronic media, unmatched in modern history. Thanks to the technology of mass communications, the collection and distribution of news are simplified, and the number of audience increased significantly. This is a natural result of the possibilities of television to cover the widest of all the inhabitants of the area, all age groups and social classes. The convergence between television technology, communications and computer technology, creates a completely new environment in which it must inevitably re-create the basis on which all electronic media. Reproduction of distribution channels, the use of new transmission routes and new sources of information, opens opportunities two-way communication in the domain that has traditionally been unilateral, creating new lines of development of television technology.

What is a television? It is a complex technical system for the creation and transmission of audio and video content. The name is derived from Greek words thle (far in the distance) and the Latin visus (sight, watching), then television is watching from a distance.

Television images hired most of our senses, encourages reflection and leaves no one indifferent. From the very beginning of its existence, television was our prolonged (extended) sense, lead us to places which we alone cannot reach. Television allowed us to “attend” to significant events. Digital television and computer technologies provide unlimited creative possibilities in television production.  Many futuristic predictions have become reality – part of everyday life. During the last two decades, computer technology has evolved with astonishing speed. From year to year, PC computers are becoming faster, smaller and cheaper.

Searching for computer systems which are endowed with the ability to think, discover meaning, learning on the basis of experience and perform other tasks, are already  brought significant results in the field of artificial intelligence. Today computers can respond to spoken commands in the languages that are not a language of computers, to recognize shapes and schemes and even to serve as medical devices. However, among scientists and philosophers, the question remains whether the computers ever be able to think like humans and possess intuition, feelings, consciousness.

The development of digital electronics was contributed to the improvement of television equipment. Mid-eighties, computer becomes an integral part of television equipment, which gradually developed into a new audiovisual system that connects modern information technology and traditional television systems. On the other hand, with the advent of PC technology in the eighties, computers get their place in the journalism newsrooms, where they are mainly used for word processing. By connecting  computers of redaction to the network,  enabled the exchange of text within one or more media outlets. By integrating these networks with computers in TV production and  studio technique, in the nineties, and the emergence of multimedia network services, to journalists allowed access to video and audio materials, as well as sharing them with other newsroom. Therefore, computers have become an integral part of the entire system with a television center.

Television as an independent and “imaginative” means of mass communication, no doubt played a significant role in the political, economic, and overall life of the Planet. Extremely high quality television programming nowadays achieved thanks to digital television technology. This television program can be seen as a work of art that to the viewer creates a certain feeling and affect the state of the spirit.

Television and the Internet are now the dominant empire that stretches to far greater territory of any country that has ever existed in history. Television and the Internet are a magnificent auditorium many, unsurpassed in the development of modern civilization.


The first graffiti emerged in the late seventies in the United States, specifically in New York, in the Bronx, where the pioneers of this art began to transfer sketches of drawings, letters on the wall, adopting the common name for this form of artistic expression – graffiti. The first European graffiti were created in the early eighties on the Berlin wall. So the graffiti are first used as propaganda aimed at the reunification of the German people, what happened about ten years later, when the Berlin Wall fell, and with it the first European graffiti are destroyed. Shortly after Berlin, graffiti are appeared in Paris, Amsterdam, Rome and London. In the mid-eighties graffiti could be seen in every major city of Europe and the rest of the world.

Social meaning of graphite lies in the fact that they present an alternative media of communication that opposes means of mass communication. Young people use these activities and ways to interact because they are unable to communicate in socially acceptable ways, and they have a need to convey their attitude and values, even if it is done by writing and drawing on public land. This specific form of human expression allows individuals to learn about the social environment with its identity and values often deviate from the norms of the environment. In that way they want  to connect with like-minded people.

Graffiti is often associated with the political and social situation in the society, and as such serve as a parameter of social change. It is not unusual that in tense , even crisis situations, spontaneously react to the political, and social realities with graffiti. Graffiti can also serve as an important platform to raise public and disruption of other cultures. Authors graphite their visual work of art placed in public space and they see it as “intact format” to communicate with ordinary people, and about socially relevant topics. Thus aesthetically valuable messages sent in the form of simple written words, sometimes elaborate wall paintings. With their own work and language they are trying to encourage changes in the social and cultural spheres of society.





The radio would be the finest possible communication apparatus in public life, a vast network of pipes. That is to say, it would be if it knew how to receive as well as to transmit, how to let the listener speak as well as hear, how to bring him into a relationship instead of isolating him. (Brecht, 1932)


In its original form, before the advent of television, radio was the primary media, the device which gathers the whole family who follow the program with undivided attention. Further development of the radio and intersect with new technologies has the complexity of its functionality, allowing portability, specialty programs, the opportunity to interact … New features and new possibilities of radio imposed the issue of how will radio listeners refer to the program in the future, when it, where, how and how much they will  consume it. Digital technologies contributing to increasing the number of hours which listeners devote to radio programs as a whole.

The fact that the radio program is available through the new platform, contributes to increasing the number of situations in which it can be consumed – the fact that we will be able to hear our favorite radio station program each time when we are online, or we will be able to listen radio on iPod during the shopping, expands the number of possibilities for the consumption of radio as a medium. By increasing the number of situations in which the radio program can be heard, as well as the increasing number of activities that people can do while listening to the radio, increases survive in the new media environment.

The convergence of radio and the internet has created a space to further satisfy the needs of young people, whose habits are diametrically opposed to the habits of older generations of radio listeners. The convergence of radio and the internet does not only create a new generation of media users, it creates a new generation of listeners of radio, but the radio rich dimensions that provide a new technology – interactivity, visual, speed, availability, the possibility of manipulating content.

Practice of new and converged media in fact is the perfect answer to Brecht objections  to the traditional radio – radio crossbred with the Internet is used as a two-way communication channel. Censorship and editorial control are not anymore fatal disabling to the individual who wants to offer his version of the events, his angle, his position and share it with a mass audience – with other users of the same network. The audience as a subject and as an object, were become one with interchangeable places, with common functions. Each user has their own interpretation of the truth.

The convergence of traditional media and new technologies, in particular analog radio and internet radio, redefine existing features, changing habits and expectations of traditional radio audiences, creating new opportunities for listeners and advertisers, changing radio environment, developing a national public sphere in transnational and global.

That what internet radio brings is the new way of using the old media content.




Alternative media, alternative way



Harry Fear, he and his work are example of my case study. Who is he, and what his work is?

Palestina, Izrael, conflict are still here, still there, sixty five years. Maybe it’s time to put that in history books, not in front page of some newspaper.

To be neutral, or to be part of truth is to be alternative or to make alternative.

Today,  ‘everybody’  know about big loby of Israel on each corner in the world, and  big influence of Israel on global mainstream media. But in this situation, we have also some kind of influence on media from Arab countries. Also we can say that we have some ‘neutral’ mainstream media who presenting ‘neutral’ information for ‘all’. In any case, in my view, only way for truth is alternative media, or Harry Fear in this situation. But when I said ‘truth’, that doesn’t mean that I believe in a hundred percent of truth from any kind of media today. Because, one percent is there to always ask for more alternative, and for more truth. But, ninety nine percent is enough for brain preparing to accept that information.

Let’s talk about ‘ninety nine percent of truth’, let’s talk about Harry Fear. Harry Fear is independent journalist,  some people calling him ‘conflict reporter’.  One of the big reason why he decide to be alternative, to be volunteers journalist, is because mainstream media doesn’t give us truth about what’s happening in Gaza. He saw that nobody else doesn’t presenting, giving information trought non stream media in serious way about situation in Gaza.  Some western media do not show pictures of children who die every day, do not give the exact number of fatalities, they are not willing or that is not part of their agenda to be at the right place at the right time. And this is not the case only with the situation in Gaza, it is so in most cases.

Harry Fear don’t have powerful mainstream tv channel, but he has a powerful non mainstream tv channel    or youtube channel. Other his powerful alternative media weapons are his facebook profile with twenty-six thousand subscribers , his facebook page, and website Because ‘the right place at the right time’ a lot of mainstream media are used his source to get some information.  When we look at all of his live streams, movies, statements, we might think he is too biased. We might think he’s on the side of the Palestinians. But maybe that’s because we are all in some way on the side of  the mainstream media, or on the west side, or the side of the half truths, or often on the side of untruth. And the normal is that when we get out of the dark of manipulation of the mainstream media, the truth becomes too bright, it can even make us blind, but this is actually ability to see, because we were blind before, but now we get the truth, the vision.

World need more ‘conflict reporters’, more journalist volunteers, the truth, world need non stream or alternative media. More alternative media, more truth, and less lies and manipulation of mainstream media. Lots of lies often contributes and support  many deaths of innocent civilians, especially in conflicts such as in Gaza. So we all have a duty to fight with lies, to fight for the truth, to fight for humanity. My opinion is that one way of fighting for humanity are trough alternative media.